The Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) has commissioned a review report on the effects of non-ionising radiation on arthropods, such as insects, which was prepared by the University of Neuchâtel.
The Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) has commissioned a review report on the effects of non-ionising radiation on arthropods, such as insects, which was prepared by the University of Neuchâtel.127 studies were evaluated. The report has been now been published in both German and French on the FOEN website. Report on the effects of non-ionising radiation on arthropods (Mulot et al. 2022)
German: https://www.bafu.admin.ch/dam/bafu/de/dokumente/elektrosmog/externe-studienberichte/wirkung-von-nichtionisierender-strahlung-aufarthropoden.pdf.download.pdf/Auswirkungen_nichtionisierender_Strahlung_auf_Arthropoden.pdf, French: https://www.bafu.admin.ch/dam/bafu/fr/dokumente/elektrosmog/externe-studien-berichte/wirkungvon-nichtionisierender-strahlung-aufarthropoden.pdf.download.pdf/Effets_des_rayonnements_non_ionisants_sur_les_arthropodes.pdf
Google translate of abstract:
Non-ionizing radiation (NIR) is described as a series of waves consisting of oscillating electric and magnetic fields, traveling at the speed of light and not stealing electrons from the atoms and molecules of the material they penetrate. Anthropogenic NIS occurs under a variety of conditions and is e.g. B. generated by high-voltage lines, mobile phones, radio and WLAN. The emission level of NIS is regulated to protect people from negative effects on their health. However, their potential direct and indirect effects on arthropods are poorly understood. This also applies to exposures permitted by regulation. In this literature review, we have summarized and evaluated the state of knowledge on the lethal and sublethal effects of NIS on arthropods. We found 127 studies investigating the effect of NIS on arthropods. We assessed the quality of the studies to determine their level of evidence and categorically summarized the results regarding the biological effects in different frequency ranges (0 – 100 kHz, 100 kHz – 6 GHz, 6 GHz – 300 GHz). We were able to identify potential effects on behaviour, metabolism, cell stress, reproduction and DNA damage for frequencies up to 6 GHz. For frequencies above 6 GHz, the level of evidence is weak or insufficient, which is mainly due to the small number of studies.For frequencies above 6 GHz, the level of evidence is weak or insufficient, which is mainly due to the small number of studies. These effects were found primarily at experimental exposure intensities below the exposure limit values (ILW) recommended by the International Commission on NIS Protection (ICNIRP) to protect humans from the adverse health effects of NIS. However, the general quality of the studies is often not sufficient to establish solid dose-response relationships, which can be attributed in particular to test designs or protocols that are technically inadequate or distort the statistics. In addition, in the vast majority of cases, the studies are carried out in a cage from which the arthropods cannot escape, so the experimental exposures do not necessarily reflect the real environmental conditions.
Although the effect of NIS on arthropods has been demonstrated, at least in part, it remains difficult to assess the extent of this effect on a larger scale (population, ecosystems, etc.). It is therefore necessary to carry out solid, reproducible and large-scale further studies.